Nedocromil sodium. An updated review of its pharmacological properties and therapeutic efficacy in asthma.

Abstract

Nedocromil sodium, the disodium salt of a pyranoquinoline dicarboxylic acid, has anti-inflammatory properties in vitro, in animal models of asthma, and in humans, as evidenced by inhibition of inflammatory cell activation and mediator release, early and late allergen-induced bronchoconstriction and airway hyperresponsiveness. Recent therapeutic trials confirm the safety and efficacy of inhaled nedocromil sodium as adjunctive therapy in adult patients whose asthma is not adequately controlled by beta-agonists alone. Nedocromil sodium has also been shown to improve symptoms when added to existing treatment with methylxanthines and corticosteroids. Some studies show nedocromil sodium to be successful replacement therapy for methylxanthines, in addition to enabling a modest reduction in inhaled corticosteroids in some patients. Thus, nedocromil sodium may be suitable in patients with asthma as an adjunct to existing therapy, as an alternative to regularly administered oral and inhaled beta-agonists and oral methyl-xanthines, and potentially, to low dose inhaled corticosteroids as maintenance therapy in patients with mild to moderate asthma being considered for corticosteroid therapy.

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